Medical Specialties + Roles

Medical Specialties + Roles

Military medical specialties are not restricted to the war zone or the front line. In fact, all branches have a very real need for varied medical specialties at home and on base, such as family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, and dermatology.

It’s this incredible variety of roles and specialties that often make the choice to become a military physician a rewarding one. As just one example, an Air Force flight surgeon would not only be responsible for the health of a squadron, but they also get to fly on a regular basis. Or, you could take the academic route and research specific diseases or teach military medical school students.


Navy Pathologist

Navy pathologists may operate outside the surgical suite, but the support they provide is an indispensable part of medical treatment, research and investigations.

Next up:
Army Orthopedic Surgeon

Medical Specialties List

The specialties listed on this page are just a sample and do not represent actual openings. It also includes only the specialties that service members can train for in the active-duty Army, Navy and Air Force, along with the Guard or Reserve components. All specialties are welcome, but openings change frequently based on need. For the latest availability in all Services, we recommend speaking with a recruiter.

  • Specialties

    ArmyNavyAir Force
  • Allergy/Immunology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Aviation/Aerospace Medicine, Non-Residency Trained
  • Aviation/Aerospace Medicine, Residency Trained Aerospace
  • Aviation/Aerospace Medicine, Residency Trained Other Than Aerospace
  • Cardiac/Thoracic Surgery
  • Cardiology
  • Colon and Rectal Surgery
  • Critical Care/Trauma, Medicine
  • Critical Care/Trauma, Surgery
  • Dermatology
  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Executive Medicine
  • Family Practice
  • Gastroenterology
  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Hematology and Oncology
  • Infectious Disease
  • Internal Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Neurological Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology
  • Occupational Medicine
  • Oncology Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopedic Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pathology
  • Pediatrics, General
  • Pediatrics, Subspecialties
  • Pediatrics, Surgery
  • Peripheral Vascular Surgery
  • Physical/Rehabilitation Medicine
  • Plastic Surgery
  • Preventive Medicine
  • Psychiatry
  • Pulmonary Disease
  • Rheumatology
  • Social Work
  • Therapeutic Radiology
  • Undersea Medicine
  • Urology


  • A


  • AR

    Army Reserve

  • AG

    Army National Guard

  • N


  • NR

    Navy Reserve

  • AF

    Air Force

  • AFR

    Air Force Reserve

  • ANG

    Air National Guard